1. Gross Domestic Product (GDP): GDP measures the total value of all goods and services produced by a country over a specific period and is a key indicator of economic growth.
2. Consumer Price Index (CPI): CPI measures changes in the price level of consumer goods and services and is used to gauge inflation and purchasing power.
3. Unemployment Rate: The unemployment rate measures the percentage of the labor force that is unemployed and actively seeking employment. It reflects the overall health of the labor market.
4. Interest Rates: Interest rates, set by central banks, determine the cost of borrowing money and affect investment, consumption, and business activities.
5. Stock Market Indices: Major stock market indices like the S&P 500, Dow Jones Industrial Average (DJIA), and Nikkei 225 are used to track the overall performance of the stock market, reflecting investor sentiment and economic outlook.
6. Bond Yields: Government bond yields, particularly those of long-term government bonds, provide insights into investor confidence and expectations for future economic conditions.
7. Trade Balance: The trade balance measures the difference between a country’s exports and imports. A positive trade balance (exports exceeding imports) indicates economic strength, while a negative balance may suggest a trade deficit.
8. Purchasing Managers’ Index (PMI): PMI surveys business activity across different sectors and is a leading indicator of economic health. It provides insights into manufacturing and services sectors’ performance, employment, and future expectations.
9. Consumer Confidence Index (CCI): CCI measures consumers’ optimism about the economy and their personal financial situations. It helps gauge future consumption patterns and retail sales.
10. Crude Oil Prices: Crude oil prices impact consumer prices, transportation costs, and energy sector profitability, making them crucial for gauging overall economic conditions and market sentiment.